The theme of justice was much discussed and considered as the most important for the new liberal regime. The political confrontation marked the boundaries between the most radical, moderate, conservative and reactionary liberal factions. The options swung between a popular model of justice and an elitist one, going through hybrid choices. The main occasions of these choices were the 1822 Constitution, the 1826 Constitutional Charter, the 1832 Mouzinho da Silveira Reform, the 1837 New Reform (setembrista), the 1838 Constitution and the 1841 Newest Reform (cabralista). This text analyzes the definition of the liberal justice model.
POPULAR JUDGES AND JUDGES OF LAW DURING LIBERALISM. PORTUGAL (1820-1841)
He holds a Bachelor Degree in History from the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Lisbon and a Master Degree in History of the 19th and 20th centuries from the FCSH, UNL. He has a Ph.D. in Modern Political and Institutional History and is an Associate in the History Group, at the same Faculty. He was Coordinating Professor with Aggregation at Viana do Castelo Polytechnic Institute. He is currently Full Professor at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (Portugal) and has been elected President of the Scientific Council. He held various public positions, including as Deputy General Secretary of the Ministry of Finance (1997-2000), member of the Commission for the Reform and Resettlement of the Torre do Tombo National Archives and Director of Services at the Portuguese Institute of Archives (1990-1992). He was National Coordinator of the Accreditation Commission and member of the Board of the National Institute for the Accreditation of Teacher Training. He has dozens of individual and collective publications, books, book chapters and articles. He received the Academic Merit Award from the Fernão de Magalhães Foundation in 1996 and 1997 and four public accolades.
O tema da justiça foi muito discutido e considerado como o mais importante para o novo regime liberal. O confronto político marcou as fronteiras entre a fação liberal mais radical, a moderada, a conservadora e a reacionária. As opções oscilaram entre um modelo popular de justiça e um modelo elitista, passando por escolhas híbridas. Os principais momentos destas escolhas foram a Constituição de 1822, a Carta Constitucional de 1826, a Reforma de Mouzinho da Silveira de 1832, a Nova Reforma de 1837 (setembrista), a Constituição de 1838 e a Novíssima Reforma de 1841 (cabralista). O presente texto analisa e passa em revista a definição do modelo de justiça liberal.
Como citar este artigo
Subtil, José (2021). Popular judges and judges of law during liberalism. Portugal (1820-1841). Janus.net, e-journal of international relations. Thematic dossier 200 years after the Revolution (1820-2020), December 2021. Consulted [online] in date of the last visit, https://doi.org/10.26619/1647-7251.DT0121.8
Article received on 24 May, 2021 and accepted for publication on 29 July, 2021