THE ROHINGYA REFUGEES IN BANGLADESH: A DIFFICULT PATH TO INTEGRATION, BETWEEN HUMANITARIAN AND SECURITY CONCERNS

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arfin.cu29@gmail.com

She is Ph.D. candidate of the Department of Political Processes and Analysis, in the Faculty of Social and Humanitarian Sciences of People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow (Russia). She is writing a dissertation on the subject of “Political Management of Migration from Bangladesh in Modern Conditions”. Her scientific interests include the evaluation of demographic and social public policies and their predicted impact on the population. Shahanaz Parven has received a Bachelor and a Master’s degree in Public Administration from the University of Chittagong, and also holds a second Master’s degree in Political Science from the People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow. She speaks Bangla, English, and Russian.

Resumo

In this paper, we analyse the tensions between the promotion of human rights for the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and the security of the country against the risk of civil war. Under the theoretical framework of ethnopolitical conflicts, and the methodology of the fourfactors model, we develop a risk assessment for a civil conflict in Bangladesh based upon behaviouristic observables. The assessment suggests that some human rights would, if promoted, increase the factors of risk for civil war in the host country. In particular, solving the problem of statelessness of the refugees through their political integration in the host country is linked to an increase in the risk of civil conflict. The promotion of other rights, such as access to health and the right to repatriation, seems to decrease the level of risk of conflict. This lets us formulate the desirable chracteristics of a policy for integration that does not worsen the political instability of the country. The implications of this study in light of the illegal acquisition of Bangladeshi passports by some Rohingya refugees are also discussed.

Neste artigo, analisamos as tensões entre a promoção dos direitos humanos para os refugiados Rohingya no Bangladesh e a segurança do país contra o risco de guerra civil. No quadro teórico dos conflitos etnopolíticos, e da metodologia do modelo de quatro fatores, desenvolvemos uma avaliação de risco para um conflito civil no Bangladesh com base em observáveis comportamentais. A avaliação sugere que alguns direitos humanos, se promovidos, aumentariam os fatores de risco de guerra civil no país anfitrião. Em particular, a resolução do problema da apatridia dos refugiados através da sua integração política no país de acolhimento está ligada a um aumento do risco de conflito civil. A promoção de outros direitos, tais como o acesso à saúde e o direito ao repatriamento, parece diminuir o nível de risco de conflito. Isto permite-nos formular as características desejáveis de uma política de integração que não agrava a instabilidade política do país. As implicações deste estudo à luz da aquisição ilegal de passaportes do Bangladesh por alguns refugiados Rohingya são também discutidas.

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Como citar este artigo

Parven, Shahanaz (2021). The Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: a Difficult Path to Integration, Between Humanitarian and Security Concerns . Janus.net, e-journal of international relations. Vol12, Nº. 1, May-October 2021. Consulted [online] at date of last visit, https://doi.org/10.26619/1647-7251.12.1.13

Article received on 16 May, 2020 and accepted for publication on 30 October, 2020

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