Science diplomacy is a field born of the interaction between science and diplomacy. It arises in a context of extension of multilateralism to new actors, including scientists, higher education institutions, laboratories, companies, and cities. The Resolution of the Councils of Ministers No. 78/2016 is the legal matrix of Portuguese science diplomacy, presenting it as one of several pillars for the internationalization of science and technology in the country. Among various actors identified by this resolution, the “Networks constituted by Portuguese Professionals, Researchers and Graduate Students working abroad” have a high potential, especially considering the synergies they can create with embassies, through science advisors, higher education institutions and Portuguese cities. After a contextualization of science diplomacy as a discipline and European and national practice, this paper contributes to this debate through an exploratory reflection on the role of those networks in the operationalization of Portuguese science diplomacy.
Graduate and master in International Relations-European Studies by Coimbra University and Sciences Po Bordeaux. Professor of diplomacy and phD student at Minho University (Portugal), he has been studying the global action of the European Union, particularly in relation to Brazil and South America. A collaborating member of the Centre for Research in Political Science at that university, he has worked at the European Research Council (European Commission) and was the President of the Erasmus Student Network in 2017-2019, where he worked to improve the accessibility and quality of academic exchanges in higher education globally. His main research interests are the European Union's External Action, Brazilian foreign policy, South American regionalism, and diplomacy.
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Pinto, João Mourato (2022). Portuguese science diplomacy and the networks of Portuguese professionals, researchers and graduate students abroad: from the escape to the circulation of brains. In Janus.net, e-journal of international relations. Vol13, Nº. 1, May-October 2022. Consulted [online] on the date of the last visit, https://doi.org/10.26619/1647-7251.13.1.7
Article received on 3 May, 2021 and accepted for publication on 3 March, 2022