INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON THE (IN)STABILITY IN GUINEA-BISSAU

Lisbon, Portugal | October, 14th | 2022

INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON THE (IN)STABILITY IN GUINEA-BISSAU

Lisbon, Portugal | October, 14th | 2022

The event will start in

Day(s)

:

Hour(s)

:

Minute(s)

:

Second(s)

In recent decades Guinea Bissau has been identified as one case of state fragility in Africa, plagued by pervasive neopatrimonialism with an outlook aggravated by the activity of narcotraffic criminal networks.

 

From independence in 1973 to the first multi-party elections held in 1994, the country experienced a relative stable PAIGC rule, first lead by Luís Cabral and then by João Bernardo Vieira who took power in a coup d’état in 1980.

Vieira would triumph in the first general elections in 1994 but would not see the end of his presidential term. In 1998 an army uprising lead to the first Guinea-Bissau civil war and the ousting of the president in 1999.

Ever since the civil war of 1998/99 the country is characterized by significant political instability where, despite holding regular elections, there is significant political violence in the form of political assassinations and coup d’états. This period is also characterized by a complex set of overlapping, nonhierarchical interventions by different foreign actors.

Most significant bilateral state interventions occurred by Senegal in the civil war and by Angola in 2011/2012 with the Missão Militar Angolana na Guiné-Bissau (MISSANG). The most significant multilateral actor is ECOWAS, first with a mission during the civil war (ECOMOG), then with a mission to replace MISSANG from 2012 to 2020 (ECOMIB), and it has just now been announced its return in the aftermath of the failed coup in February 2022.

Alongside these initiatives there have been attempts at Security Sector Reform (SSR) by the UN, EU and in the MISSANG and ECOMIB missions, while the UN has kept a Peacebuilding office in the country since the civil war up until 2020.

Despite these interventions, the country has not reached political stability, with the most recent attempt coup d’état foiled on the 1st of February of 2022.

This instability prevents the country from overcoming structural and historical challenges which results that the social, economic and political indicators of Guinea-Bissau are worse than other countries in the Sub-Saharan region.

For instances, average income is less than half of the average PIB pc in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2018 and Guinea-Bissau ranks 178 out of 189 countries in the human development index.

A
This seminar aims at taking stock of the state of the art of the explanations and understanding of the political instability in Guinea-Bissau.
A
We welcome research from different disciplinary perspectives and levels of analysis.
A
Although grounded in political science we welcome research from an economic, historical, geographic, social or other perspective.
A
Also, we are interested in covering dynamics of (in)stability at the systemic/regional level, the state level and the sub-state or individual level.
A
The seminar will be held in Portuguese and English in a hybrid format at OBSERVARE/Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (UAL) in Lisbon, Portugal, on the 14th of October 2022. Presentations of papers can be done either on-site or online.
A
A special issue of JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations (SCOPUS Q4) will publish a selection of the papers presented.

Deadlines

A

Presentation of proposals

June 26th, 2022

Presentation of proposals should be sent to seminarguineabissau@autonoma.pt with an abstract (300 word) and short biography (10 lines) by June 26th, 2022.

A

Paper acceptance

June 30th, 2022

Accepted papers will be informed by June 30th, 2022.

A

Submission of full papers

September 11th, 2022

Full papers (6000 words) should be submitted by September 11th, 2022.

Provisional Programme

A

9h00-9h30 – Opening session   

UAL Rector – Prof. José Amado da Silva – TBC

President of the Board of CEU/UAL – Prof. António de Lencastre Bernardo

President of Instituto Camões – Embaixador José Ribeiro de Almeida – TBC

Director of OBSEVARE – Prof. Luís Tomé

Project manager – Prof. Ricardo Sousa

A

9h30-10h15 – Opening presentations

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Portugal – João Gomes Cravinho – TBC      

Embassador of Guinea-Bissau to Portugal – Hélder Vaz Lopes

A

10h15-10h45 – Coffee break

A

10h45-11h45 – Panel 1 – Domestic Politics

Moderator: Jara Cuadrado (UAM)

The driving forces of the conflict instability in Guinea-Bissau between 1998 and 2018 – Ricardo Sousa (UAL) e Jara Cuadrado (UAM)

In contrast to regime survival: Explaining instability through the analysis of political institutions under undemocratic regimes: The case of Guinea-Bissau 1994-2019 – Babiro Duro Djassi University of Makeni (UNIMAK) Sierra-Leone and Institute Polytechnic New Hope (Instituto politécnico Nova Esperança (Ipnove), Guinea-Bissau)

O papel desempenhado pelos partidos políticos no desenvolvimento do processo democrático da Guiné-Bissau: avanços e recuos – Wilson Pedro Té (IPRI-Nova)

The 2019 National Elections in Guinea-Bissau from Data: What Made Embalo Win? – Rui Asano (Advanced Social Sciences, Waseda University)

A

11h45-12h45 – Panel 2 – Bilateral Actors             

Moderator: Ricardo Sousa (UAL)

Lusophone brothers in the South Atlantic? Brazil and the (in)stability in Guinea-Bissau – Bio-Danilo Marcondes (Brazilian War College)

A Estratégia angolana na Estabilização das Forças de Defesa e Segurança da Guiné-Bissau – João Baptista de Jovita (IRI-USP, Instituto Superior Politécnico Alvorecer da Juventude – ISPAJ / Angola) e Vasco Alberto Quitela Suamo (IPRI-UNL/FCSH)

The relations between the People’s Republic of China and Guinea-Bissau in light of the current conditions on the African continent – Orazio Maria Gnerre (University of Perugia)

“Cross-border conflicts: Cooperation mechanisms between Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea Bissau. The MFDC and the illegal exploitation of natural resources.” – Maurice Dianab Samb (University of Alcalá)

A

12h45-14h00 – Lunch break       

A

14h00-15h00 – Panel 3 – Multilateral Actors      

Moderator: Luís Valença Pinto (UAL) – TBC

The institutional conflict prevention doctrine in the West of Africa – Jara Cuadrado (UAM) e Ricardo Sousa (UAL)

Do the ECOWAS and African Union have double standards in conflict resolution?  – Mashood Djaló (ISCTE)

Guinea-Bissau and external peacebuilding partners:  enhancing ownership or replacing national capacities? – Gustavo Carvalho (SAIIA & University of Johannesburg)

A importância da “Governance” e a obtenção de fundos junto dos Bancos Multilaterais de Desenvolvimento – Jorge António Batista de Sousa (ISCSP) Câmara de Comércio e Indústria Portugal Guiné-Bissau

A

15h00-16h00 – Panel 4 – Representations and Geopolitics          

Moderator: Edalina Sanches (ICS) – TBC

As representações externas da Guiné-Bissau: relembrando a luta de libertação – Teresa Almeida Cravo (FEUC-CES)

The Guinea Bissau Liberation War, 1963-1974: Motherhood and Self Paradox in the Discourses of Women Fighters  – Aliou Ly (Middle Tennessee State University)

The Geopolitics Idiosyncrasies of Guinea-Bissau: Groping Future Pathways – Paulo J. M. Dias Gonçalves (City University of Macau) & Francisco José Leandro (independent researcher)

A luta pelo poder na Guiné-Bissau e a sua envolvência geopolítica – Ávaro Nóbrega (ISCSP, Universidade de Lisboa)

A

16h00-16h15 – Coffee break

A

16h15-17h15 – Panel 5 – Antropological Approaches     

Moderator: Clara Carvalho (ISCTE-IUL) – TBC

Politics and ritual infanticide: a reading of political instability in Guinea-Bissau from political theory – Claudia Favarato (ISCSP)

Uma introdução à Estética do Axé – Loque Arcanjo Junior (UFMG) e Robson Gomes de Brito (UFVJM-MG)

“We vote but nothing happens”: The political marginalisation of Guinea-Bissau’s communities under ecological pressure – Cláudia Santos, Institute of Social Sciences (ICS), University of Lisbon

O deciframento do que somos e não somos mais nos “lugares de memória” encenados em Memórias somânticas de Abdulai Sila – Wellington Marcal Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (FALE/UFMG)

A

17h15-18h00 – Panel 6 – State Security and Human Security I   

Moderator: Fátima Proença – TBC

Desafios securitários da Guiné-Bissau – Segurança ou instabilidade? Uma resposta prospetiva baseada na análise comparativa da situação guineense e moçambicana (Cabo Delgado) – Pedro Miguel Henriques Pereira Carvalho Gonçalves (ISCSP-IUL)

O impacto da militarização da política guineense na construção e consolidação da sua democracia. – Fernando Colonia (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

Reforma das Forças Armadas e Conflito Político Militar na Guiné-Bissau – Nataniel Sanha

Educação nas Zonas de Libertação: A proposta do “Círculo de Cultura” em Guiné-Bissau nos anos de 1974 – Antonia Lenilma Meneses de Andrade (UNESP)

A

18h00-18h45 – Panel 7 – State Security and Human Security II  

Moderator: Teresa Cravo (FEUC-CES) – TBC

Quais mecanismos constitucionais para estabilidade democrática e governativa na Guiné-Bissau? – Nando Paulo Suma (UNILAB, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

O pensamento de Amílcar Cabral – Movimento Africano de Trabalhadores e Estudantes

Resultados da auscultação realizada nas redes sociais – Propostas de possíveis soluções para os problemas da Guiné-Bissau, a “voz do povo”- Fernando Pedro Dias (“voz do povo”; Grupo “Nô Fala”)

A

18h45-19h00 – Closing remarks – Ricardo Sousa (UAL) and Jara Cuadrado (UAM)

Organization

Funders

Observare
Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa
Instituto Camões

Organization

Observare

Funders

Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa
Instituto Camões