THE DEBATE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION, POVERTY AND INEQUALITY: A CRITICAL OVERVIEW


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Vicente Valentim

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Master's degree in Political Science (ISCTE, Portugal). Degree in Piano Jazz by the School of Music in Lisbon, Lisbon Polytechnic Institute. He concluded Minor in Political Science at the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, New University of Lisbon.



Abstract


On this theoretical article, I critically present the ongoing debate on the relationship between globalization, poverty and inequality. To do so, I rely on the typology put forward by Held & McGrew (2007), which divides scholars between two main approaches: the globalists and the skeptics. Among the first approach, one can then distinguish between neoliberal globalists and transformationalist globalists. Among the second one, one can distinguish between realist skeptics and Marxist skeptics. I go through the most important thinkers of each of these four perspectives, summing up the most influential arguments put forward to support their view. By grouping the views of these scholars, I show similarities and differences between the four perspectives and thus contribute to making the debate more clear. In a further section, I critically assess these arguments, identifying some of their strengths and shortcomings.



Keywords


Globalization; Inequality; Poverty; Globalism; Skepticism.



How to cite this article


Valentim, Vicente (2016). "The debate on the relationship between globalization, poverty and inequality: a critical overview". JANUS.NET e-journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, Nº. 2, November 2016-April 2017. Consulted [online] on the date of last consultation, observare.ual.pt/janus.net/en_vol7_n2_art4 (http://hdl.handle.net/11144/2783)



Article received on February 5, 2016 and accepted for publication on September 19, 2016